Pennsylvania

I. STATUTE -- BASIC APPLICATION

(This section is blank. See the subpoints below.)

2. Filing an objection or a notice of intent

Pennsylvania does not require the filing of a notice of intent before filing a motion to quash. In some counties, there may be general rules regarding discovery or trial motions. For example, in Philadelphia County, a party filing a motion to quash a discovery subpoena must certify that he or she made an effort to resolve the dispute without court intervention. The news media should check any applicable local rules.

2. Photographic recordings allowed. M1F2

Recording devices include video cameras. Hain v. Board of Sch. Directors of Reading Sch. Dist., 641 A.2d 661, 664 (Pa. Commw. Ct. 1994).

N. Police records.

The Act contains a broad exemption for records “relating to or resulting in a criminal investigation.” This exemption includes complaints, investigative materials, confidential source records, victim information and other records. Section 708(b)(16). See §  IV((K)(4) supra.

7. Others.

None other than those identified infra.

5. Pleading format.

The Act states the requester may “file a petition for review or other document as might be required by rule of court;” Sections 1301(a), 1302(a). The Act provides no further guidance.

1. Relevance of material to case at bar

The Pennsylvania Shield Law provides an absolute privilege against compelled disclosure of confidential source information regardless of a party's "need for the information." Davis v. Glanton, 705 A.2d 879, 883 (Pa. Super. 1997). At a minimum, of course, the moving party may only seek materials that are reasonably calculated to lead to the discovery of admissible evidence. See Pa. R. Civ. P. 4003.1(a).

D. Federal programs. M3D

Open if agency business or official action is involved unless one of the Act's exceptions applies.