The Fifth Circuit construes Branzburg v. Hayes, 408 U.S. 665 (1972), narrowly when considering grand jury subpoenas or subpoenas in criminal trials seeking non-confidential information. See In re Grand Jury Subpoenas, 29 Media L. Rep. 2301 (5th Cir. Aug. 17, 2002) (per curiam) (unpublished). It has declined to recognize a qualified reporter's privilege for non-confidential information in the context of a criminal case. See United States v. Smith, 135 F.3d 963, 971-72 (5th Cir. 1998).