F. Trial records


“[T]he courts of this country recognize a general right to inspect and copy public records and documents, including judicial records and documents.”Nixon v. Warner Communications, Inc., 435 U.S. 589, 597 (1978) (footnote omitted). The Supreme Court has not addressed the constitutional presumption in civil cases, though a lower court noted that “[t]he presumption that the public has a right to see and copy judicial records attaches to those documents which properly come before the court in the course of an adjudicatory proceeding and which are relevant to the adjudication.” F.T.C. v. Standard Financial Management Corp., 830 F.2d 404, 412-13 (1st Cir. 1987). And the Third Circuit held “that ‘there is a strong presumption that material introduced into evidence at trial should be made’ available for public access.” Littlejohn v. Bic Corp., 851 F.2d 673, 678 (3rd Cir. 1988) (citations omitted).

6th Cir.