Pennsylvania

4. Nongovernmental bodies.

(This section is blank. See the subpoints below.)

A. In general

Overview

Pennsylvania

III. MEETING CATEGORIES -- OPEN OR CLOSED. M3

Note: The Act bases access on the type of agency action undertaken, not on the particular agency or the subject matter of the action. Hence, specific meeting categories are not particularly helpful.

2. Deposit of security

There is no requirement under either the Shield Law or the First Amendment privilege that the subpoenaing party deposit any security in order to procure the testimony or materials of the reporter.

9. Confidential informants.

Section 708(b)(16)(iii) exempts “[a] record that includes the identity of a confidential source.”

3. Provisions for fee waivers.

     An agency may – but is not legally required to – waive fees for duplication where, for example, the “requester duplicates the record” or “the agency deems it is in the public interest to do so.” Section 1307(f).

c. Consequences of refusing

There are no decisions specifically addressing the impact of refusing to consent to an in camera review. In Commonwealth v. Bowden, the Supreme Court criticized the reporters' refusal to provide the subpoenaed information for in camera review, but the Court did not impose any adverse consequences. 838 A.2d at 759 n.13.