M3H

H. Grand jury testimony by public employees.

H. Grand jury testimony by public employees.

Grand jury proceedings are secret. Cf. Wis. Stat. §§ 756.11, 756.145(2), 756.21. Likewise the Wisconsin one-person grand jury known as a "John Doe" proceeding may, but need not be, secret. Wis. Stat. § 968.26; In re Wis. Family Counseling Servs. v. State, 95 Wis. 2d 670, 291 N.W.2d 631 (Wis. Ct. App. 1980).

H. Grand jury testimony by public employees. M3H

Closed. See Pa. R. Crim. P. 209; see also 42 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 4549. Grand jury sessions are not meetings under the Act.

H. Grand jury testimony by public employees.

Grand Jury proceedings are confidential. I.R.Cr.P. 13(d).

H. Grand jury testimony by public employees.

An executive session may be conducted to discuss information relating to current or future investigation or prosecution of a criminal offense which would imperil effective law enforcement if disclosed. N.Y. Pub. Off. Law § 105(1)(c) (McKinney 1988).

H. Grand jury testimony by public employees.

There is no statute specifically addressing the testimony of public employees in a grand jury proceeding. The Wyoming Rules of Criminal Procedure provide that, in a county grand jury proceeding, only the Attorney for the State may disclose matters occurring before the grand jury. Wyo. R. Crim. P. 6(a)(14). In a state grand jury proceeding, no obligation of secrecy may be imposed upon any person except the Attorney General, District Attorney, law enforcement agencies, a juror, attorney, interpreter, stenographer, operator of a recording device or transcribing typist. Wyo. R. Crim. P.

H. Grand jury testimony by public employees.

Under state law, the testimony of grand jury proceedings in Alabama is confidential, with no exception for public employees. Ala. Code §§ 12-16-214, -215, -216 (1995). The only exception to the confidentiality of such testimony is that the state may use "the testimony of a grand jury witness to impeach that witness's testimony in the trial of a criminal case" or "to prosecute a perjury warrant or indictment." Ala. Code §  12-16-216 (1995).

H. Grand jury testimony by public employees.

Closed unless directed otherwise by the court. K.S.A. 22-3012.

H. Grand jury testimony by public employees.

All grand jury proceedings are exempt from the Open Meetings Law. G.S. § 143-318.18(1). In addition, G.S. § 15A-623 provides that during grand jury proceedings, no one shall be admitted to the grand jury room except (1) members of the grand jury; (2) the witness being examined; (3) an interpreter, if needed; and (4) a law enforcement officer holding a witness in custody. All persons admitted to the grand jury room, other than a witness, must first take an oath to keep the proceedings secret; breach of the oath is punishable as contempt.

H. Grand jury testimony by public employees.

State and county grand jury sessions are generally closed. N.D.C.C. §§ 29-10.1-28, 29-10.2-04(l).

H. Grand jury testimony by public employees.

Grand jury proceedings are secret while they are going on, except that no requirement of secrecy can be imposed on a witness with respect to that witness's testimony. See Alaska Rule of Criminal Procedure 6(f); and see In re: Hanson, 532 P.2d 303 (Alaska 1975). The Supreme Court has also upheld court rules restricting or delaying disclosure of certain portions of investigative grand jury reports when no indictment is issued to protect due process and privacy interests of individuals named in the report. See O'Leary v.