Who may use FOIA?

A FOIA request may be made by “any person.” This means that all U.S. citizens, as well as foreign nationals, can use the Act to request information from government agencies. A request can also be made in the name of a corporation, partnership or other entity, such as a public interest group or news organization. Members of the news media have no more and no fewer rights to information under FOIA than other requesters, although the law gives journalists some rights to fee benefits and expedited processing. To obtain information, you do not need to tell the agency why you are making a request. However, advising the FOIA officer that you are a journalist or author and intend to publish some or all of the requested information may encourage prompt consideration of your request and entitle you to fee benefits.