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The Ashcroft Memo

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  1. Freedom of Information
John Ashcroft’s directive, issued a month after 9/11, reversed FOIA policy at federal departments and agencies. In place of a…

John Ashcroft’s directive, issued a month after 9/11, reversed FOIA policy at federal departments and agencies. In place of a “presumption of openness” standard, it offered support for any legal barrier to disclosure.

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