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Virginia

Amended in 2017, Virginia’s anti-SLAPP law applies to speech “(i) regarding matters of public concern that would be protected under the First Amendment” or “(ii) made at a public hearing” before the governing body of any locality or other political subdivision. Va. Code Ann. § 8.01-223.2(A) (2019).

Unlike most anti-SLAPP laws, however, the Virginia law still fails to identify any special procedures allowing a defendant to invoke these protections at an early stage of the proceedings.  The statute also only insulates from civil liability claims arising from “tortious interference with an existing contract or a business or contractual expectancy,” defamation, or conspiracy claims related to those torts. Id.; § 18.2-499.

 The law does not provide protection for statements made with knowledge of, or reckless disregard for, whether they are false.§ 8.01-223.2(A).

 When a lawsuit is dismissed under this statute, the defendant “may” be awarded reasonable attorney’s fees and costs. § 8.01-223.2(B). The law does not specify whether a stay of discovery is available.