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A. Tribal Courts in the jurisdiction

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  • Idaho

    There are five independent tribal courts within Idaho: (1) Coeur d’Alene; (2) Nez Perce; (3) Shoshone-Bannock; (4) Kootenai; and (5) Shoshone-Paiute.  See https://www.isc.idaho.gov/tribal-state/tribalcourt.  These courts have federally prescribed jurisdiction over custody and adoption cases involving tribal children, criminal jurisdiction over offenses committed on tribal lands by members of the tribe, and broader civil jurisdiction over claims between tribe members and nonmembers.  Each trial court has adopted its own Tribal Law and Order code.  Generally, most proceedings are open unless a tribal judge orders them closed.

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  • Kansas

    In Kansas, tribal courts are maintained by the Iowa Tribe of Kansas and Nebraska, the Kickapoo Tribe in Kansas, the Prairie Band Potawatomi Nation, and the Sac and Fox Nation of Missouri in Kansas and Nebraska.  The Prairie Band Potawatomie Nation has made its Law and Order Code available online, and it includes the following provisions:

    Section 2-2-13. Records

    (D) All Court records shall be public records except as otherwise provided by law.

    Section 2-2-14. Files.

    (A) Except as otherwise provided by law, Court files are generally open to the public. Any person may inspect the records of a case and obtain copies of documents contained therein during normal business hours.

    Prairie Band Potawatomie Nation, Law and Order Code, https://www.narf.org/nill/codes/prairie_band_potawatomi/index.html.

    According to the administrative office of the Prairie Band Potawatomie Nation’s Judicial Council, the tribal court proceedings generally are open.  Records and proceedings that may be closed include such matters as juvenile cases, children in need of care, adoption, and tribal enrollment or disenrollment, as well as domestic disputes at the request of a party.  Also, records of employment dispute may be closed.

    According to judicial administrators for the other Kansas tribes, their courts also generally are open with exceptions like those of the Prairie Band Potawatomie Nation.

    Judicial administrators may be contacted through main tribal offices as follows:

    Iowa Tribe of Kansas and Nebraska
    3345 B Thrasher
    White Cloud, KS 66094
    Phone: (785) 595-3258
    Fax: (785) 595-6610
    Web: http://iowatribeofkansasandnebraska.com

    Kickapoo Tribe in Kansas
    824 111th
    Horton, KS 66439
    Toll Free: 1-877-864-2746
    Phone: (785) 486-2131
    Fax: (785) 486-2801
    Web:  http://www.ktik-nsn.gov

    Prairie Band Potawatomie
    Government Center
    16281 Q Road
    Mayetta KS 66509-8970
    Toll Free: (877) 715-6789
    Phone - Tribal Court: (785) 966-2242  / Toll free: (866) 966-2242
    Web: http://www.pbpindiantribe.com

    Sac and Fox
    305 N Main
    Reserve, KS 66434
    Phone: (785) 742-7471
    Fax: (785) 742-3785
    Web: http://www.sacandfoxks.com

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  • Pennsylvania

    There are no tribal courts in Pennsylvania.

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